Millikan received the Nobel Prize in Physics, 1923, for his determination of two universal constants of nature, the elementary electrical charge q on a single electron from his oil drop experiments, and the Planck constant h from his photoelectric measurements. However, it has not been generally appreciated that Millikan did not use statistical methods to determine either q or h, not even linear regression analysis to determine the slope of his (x, y) graph for lithium and sodium, to determine Planck constant.
Millikan’s methods are now applied to the global average temperature data (from the NASA GISS observations) for the 21st century to show that, unlike the application of statistical methods, the data for just the years 2001-2013 also reveals unmistakable evidence of a general warming of the globe, at nearly the same fixed rate as was observed during the entire period from 1880-2013. Hence, attention of all climate scientists must be called to this important finding, within the context of the current debate on the reasons for the perceived stalling of global warming trends. Misinterpretation of the temperature data will obviously lead to misleading analysis via sophisticated computer climate models and the analysis presented here merits the attention of climate scientists on both, or all, sides of this debate.
BODHISATTVA AND VENDICARDECARIAN0 DISCUSS THE ENGLAND ET AL PAPER ON THE PACIFIC TRADE WINDS STALLING GLOBAL WARMING
See here my analysis of the NASA GISS global average temperature data for 2008-2013 during an interesting online discussion at Bloomberg News website. In the comments section, Vendicar (for short) posts the NASA GISS data and asks Bodhisattva, “Where is the cooling?”
I had looked at the NASA GISS data before, but this post intrigued me and have I re-analyzed here the 2008-2013 data, drawing upon the generalized idea of Einstein’s photoelectric work function, as applied to climate science data. This was discussed in earlier posts here and the present discussion puts it within the context of a question posed during a popular online discussion of this topic. In fact, I must add here, that I am very impressed by the level of discussion the England et al article has prompted. While we bemoan the general “dumbing” down of America, there are actually intelligent discussions of global warming, which is obviously a matter of great societal concern, regardless of which side one is in this debate.
ON THE GENERALIZATION OF EINSTEIN’S IDEA OF THE PHOTOELECTRIC WORK FUNCTION: EXAMPLE FROM SCANDINAVIAN CLIMATE DATA
A linear law, with a nonzero intercept c, of the type y = hx + c = h(x – x0), is often observed when we analyze our (x, y) observations on a number of complex systems. The climate system data is considered here for illustrative purposes. The nonzero c in such a law is like the nonzero work function W, conceived by Einstein, in 1905, to explain the photoelectric effect. Einstein’s law was thus able to explain the cut-off frequency observed experimentally by Lenard. Likewise, there is a cut-off x0 = -c/h. The photoelectric law implies a movement of the empirical observations along a family of parallel lines. A similar movement along parallels is observed if we analyze our (x, y) observations carefully. The method of deducing the existence of such parallels is also discussed and is traced to the method used by Millikan to determine the two universal constants: the absolute magnitude on the charge q on a single electron and the Planck constant h.